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Volleyball Terminology

A

Ace - A serve that results directly in a point.
Antenna - Red-and-white striped pole attached to the net that extends 32 inches above the net and indicates out-of-bounds along the sideline.
Assist - Passing or setting the ball to a teammate who attacks the ball for a kill.
Attack Attempt - The attempt by a player to terminate a play by hitting the ball to the floor on the opponent's side.

B

Back Row Attack - When a back row player takes off to jump behind the 10-foot/3-meter line and attacks the ball.
Block - A successful attempt by any front row player to intercept the ball near the net that results in the termination of the rally.
Block Assist - A successful attempt by any two or more front row players to intercept the ball near the net that results in the termination of the rally. Any person involved in the block attempt that terminates the rally receives a block assist.
Block Solo - A successful attempt by any one front row player to intercept the ball near the net that results in the termination of the rally.
Blocking Error - A violation that consists of touching the net, crossing the center line, blocking a set or any other violation which pertains to illegal blocking.
Blocking Error - A violation that consists of touching the net, crossing the center line, blocking a set or any other violation which occurs while making a block attempt.

C

Court Dimensions - 59 feet from end line to end line and 29 feet, 6 inches wide (18m x 9m).
Cross-Court Attack - An attack that is directed diagonally from the point of attack.

D

Dig - Act of retrieving an attacked ball close to the floor and making a successful pass.
Dink - A one-handed, soft hit into the opponent's court using the fingertips.
Dump - Usually performed by the setter, who delivers the ball into the opponent's court on the second contact.

E

Extension Roll - A move to the floor which enables a player to dig the ball.

F

Forearm Pass - Contacting the ball with the forearms in order to deliver the ball to the setter in an underhanded manner.
Free Ball - Returning the ball to the opponent without the intent to get a kill.

H

Hitter - A player who attacks the ball.
Hitting Percentage - A statistic derived from total kills minus total attack errors and divided by total attempts.

J

Jump Serve - A top spin serve delivered by a player in midair.
Joust - When two opposing players contact the ball simultaneously above the net causing the ball to momentarily come to rest; the point is replayed if this is called by the official.

K

Kill - An attack that results directly in a point or sideout.

L

Linesman - Officials located at the corners of the court; each linesman is responsible for ruling if the ball is legally in play along the lines for which or she is responsible.

M

Middle Blocker - Usually plays in the middle of the net when in the front row and moves laterally to her blocking assignments.

N

Net Height - Seven feet, 4-1/8 inches high.

O

Outside Hitter - Usually plays at the ends of the net when in the front row.
Overlap - A violation called when a team lines up out of rotation on a service attempt.

P

Pass - Receiving a serve or the first contact of the ball with the intent to control the ball to another player.

Q

Quick Set - An extremely low vertical set used to beat the opponent's blocks.

R

Rally Scoring - Scoring method used in the fifth game of matches where points can be won by the serving or receiving team.
Red Card - Given by the official to a player or coach for flagrant misconduct resulting in a point/side out to the opponent.
Red And Yellow Card - Given by the official to a player or coach for a major violation. Also received automatically after two red cards. Results in automatic ejection and a point/side out for the opponent.
Rotation - Players must retain their initial rotational order throughout the entire game, but once the ball is served they are allowed to move anywhere.

S

Set - A pass that puts the ball in place for a hitter to attack.
Side Out - A rally won by the team who is receiving serve, resulting in the right to serve. You cannot score a point if your team is trying to side out.
Side Out Scoring - Scoring method used in games one through four of matches where points can be won only by the serving team.
Slide Attack - A low back set to the antenna that the middle hitter swings behind the setter to attack.
Substitution - Allows one player to replace another player already on the court. Each team is allowed 15 substitutions per game. Each player is allowed an unlimited number of entries.

T

Ten Foot/3-Meter Line - The line extended across the court to signify the point which a back row player must leave the ground behind to attack the ball.

Y

Yellow Card - Given by the official to a player or coach as a warning of misconduct. Two yellow cards results in an automatic red card.


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